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doctrine of eternal punishment

Universally, men are elected and shall be saved. But even in conditional immortality there is no indication of how much punishment and so it does raise a bit of question. He noted that it was an existence of “pain” where he “found trouble and sorrow” (Psa. Did not, for example, God say in the Garden of Eden, “Adam and Eve and the day you eat of the fruit of the tree in the midst of the garden in that day you will surely die.” Well, they ate. Let us pursue this study under several categories. First of all, therefore, we turn in our study to think about the biblical testimony to its reality. He says he doesn’t know of any answer to this book. Another thing, according to this theory, animals are punished too because they die and they incur an everlasting loss. In 1982, Edward Fudge, who served as an elder for the Bering Drive church in Houston, produced his book, The Fire that Consumes. And some people who have read Mr. Fudge’s book are very much persuaded by it. But I don’t feel very free to do that. So, if the substance of punishment is in the result, not in its being felt or experienced, then the brute is punished too. You might even say, “Well, I don’t know how to answer that. That it’s a gift of God. Over against this emotional reaction is the sobering testimony of the Bible. 12:2). But, finally, everybody is extinguished and there is no difference. ... Edward Fudge, author of the "The Fire that Consumes" sums up the history of how the doctrine of eternal concience torment in hell was established in the Church. And this is the second in the series. 25:41); indeed, their “worm dies not [i.e., the gnawing anguish continues on and on] and the fire is not quenched” (Mk. That’s why I would like for others to say, “Those people over at Believers Chapel, they are Bereans because they search the Scriptures to see whether these things are so.” It’d be nice if you could do this just for fun. I’m doing it out of my memory. The punishment is called eternal. Are they conscious in their estrangement from the Creator? The rational basis of universalism has always been the love of God. But lying back of universalism is the idea that God is so loving that he would not commit anyone to eternal punishment. And so, if consciousness characterizes spiritual death now, why should it not characterize spiritual death after we die? 19:15). Another doctrine different from universalism, but one that alleviates endless conscious punishment is conditional immortality. 16:5). I’m not in heaven. That is, that when an individual dies he just does not exist anymore. And we thank Thee for the teacher who teaches us. And they are these, first of all, the doctrine of universalism. On any terms, the judgment is called eternal. Well, of course, we give them praise for trying to find in Scripture their doctrine. Now, you can see it’s an alleviating doctrine because it in effect will ask also is it like God. [Laughter], Now, we, as I say, will not be saying anything further about reincarnation. Because Jehovah is holy, he cannot simply overlook sin as if it does not exist (Hab. Is it not a much better doctrine to teach that he will have to suffer and the suffering will be related to his sin? 1988. It wasn’t the preaching of the gospel at all. But if, for example, when a person or thing dies you cannot speak of the animal suffering afterwards if the substance of punishment is in the result. Men don’t like cats. The biblical doctrine of eternal punishment is as clear as teaching can be. That’s characteristic of some of the cults that you know about. So, you can see that there is no earnestness, no zeal in the proclamation of the gospel, no sense of the lost condition of men, no sense of the fact that they may slip off into an eternity of separation from God at any moment and consequently the preaching of the gospel suffers from it. Jesus said: “And these shall go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into life eternal” (Matthew 25:46). 9:48). I did not say anything about the ways by which we may object to the doctrine of eternal punishment if we’re not Christians, for example, reincarnation. And I want to devote some time one of these Tuesday nights probably to raise the question, “How could God have dealt with men?” And I’d like to show you, I think it can be shown very plainly, that the most gracious way to deal with us is to deal with us through representative individuals. Divine justice requires a judgment of good and evil. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.”. 116:3). Scripture reveals what we know about him. Genesis 1:26-27; Matthew 5:22; 1 Thessalonians 5; Matthew 10:28; 1 Peter 3:4; Revelation 6; Psalm 116:3; Jonah 2:2; Daniel 12:2; Matthew 25:46; 2 Thessalonians 1:9; Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:48; Matthew 25:30; Revelation 19:15; 1 John 4:8; Psalm 145:9; Ephesians 2:4; Genesis 18:25; 2 Peter 3:9; Romans 9:22; Acts 13:46; Habakkuk 1:13; Psalm 89:14; Revelation 16:5; Romans 3:24-26; Hebrews 5:8-9; Matthew 10:15, 11:20-24; Luke 12:47-48; Hebrews 10:29; Revelation 20:12-13, Jackson, Wayne. And they died. There is a fairly detailed attempt in Edward Fudge’s book called The Fire That Consumes: A Biblical and Historical Study of Final Punishment. He doesn’t understand. I have a dear uncle who was like a father to me and about whom I can hardly bear to think because I have a horror that he may not have accepted Christ before he died, even though the Gospel had been clearly presented to him. It’s used of entrance into spiritual life. That’s why he’s called Jesus, for he shall save his people from their sins. The issue then between conditional immortality and Christian doctrine as it has been held down through the centuries is, is it eternal conscious punishment of the finally impenitent or is it eternal extinction of the finally impenitent. The text specifically affirms that John saw “the souls of them that had been slain” (v. 9). Ferguson taught, among other errors, that there is no punishment for evil men after death (West 1949, 261-65). No error, consequently, is more fatal than that of Universalism. Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath. Notice, it’s in Adam, everybody dies. And in verse 17 of chapter 3, Peter says, “And now, brethren, I know that through ignorance ye did it, as did also your rulers. 3:9), but when men choose to live alienated from him, and cast their eternal welfare toward hell, he will honor their decision. Nothing is requisite for its maintenance but the admission of three cardinal truths of theism, namely, that there is a just God; that man had free will; and that sin is … The doctrine of "eternal punishment" declares that all who do not believe on Jesus Christ while in their mortal bodies spend eternity in an inescapable, unending hell. Was Jesus Christ only bluffing? So, if we are to say that the love of God is such that we cannot think of the fires of hell as really expressive of the character of God, it’s not simply a slur on preachers who preach hellfire and damnation. They have, in one form or another, denied eternal punishment. It also teaches that unbelievers will bear just punishment after death, as I’ve mentioned. Peter spoke of the need to clothe one’s “spirit” with “incorruptible” apparel (1 Pet. He said, “Corporeity (or that having to do with the body), corporeity is the end of the ways of God.” Everything ultimately is related to life in the body. Because the closer you can make your error to the truth, the more difficult it is for individuals to perceive that it is erroneous. Though Fudge’s position has been thoroughly discredited, by writers both in and out of the church (Workman 1984, 492-508; Morey 1984, 102,124-25,206), some, nevertheless, have been charmed by it. 10:15; 11:20-24; Lk. Others also have toyed with this ideology. There are four brief beliefs of traditionalism view that make up church doctrine of eternal punishment. But anyway, John died first and so Elizabeth made arrangements to have contact with him. Will he get pleasure out of causing an individual to suffer for all of the ages of eternity endlessly because of his sin? Now, of course, if a person believes in simple annihilation, that would be hard to square with it because no distinction could be made. At the conclusion of the last hour, I made reference to the fact that William G.T. When Jesus refers to this punichment as eternal, he simply underlines, as the prophets had done, the total seriousness---the eternal seriousness---of God in pursuing his one and only purpose." But so you must pay a little more attention to verse 22, “For as in Adam all die. If it is so wrong how can it possibly be that Jesus and the apostles did not show some of the same zeal that they’re showing in denouncing the orthodox doctrine. ©2020. Another thing, in answer to pure annihilationism it might be pointed out that the extinction of being admits of no degrees of punishment. Now, that reference to “made alive” is a reference to quickening. Two principal theories have been advanced in opposition to this church doctrine of eternal punishment. And, of course, in other places in the Epistle to the Romans over and over again Paul makes it plain that the reception of it is through faith, a faith given by God, but nevertheless through the instrumentality of faith. If 10% of the earth's people believed on Jesus Christ then the remaining 144 billion must consequently spend eternity being punished. In religion and folklore, Hell is an afterlife location in which evil souls are subjected to punitive suffering, often torture, as eternal punishment after death. 2:4). Did he say these things about hell and hellfire in order to scare us into heaven only? And if they can find it there, then of course it would be nice if we then respond and believe it ourselves. That he is also just and righteous. And he is holy. Professor Brunner has had a great influence on theology in the United States. And, furthermore, it fails to recognize that when it says here that “he went and preached to the spirits in prison,” the reference is in the word preached, not to preaching the gospel, the Greek word euanggelizomai, but it is the word that means to make a proclamation. He’s shaking his head. Now, of course, if you’re not a student of hermeneutics, you’re not a student of the Bible. But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled. Also telling is the fate of the Beast in Revelation. He was put to death in the flesh; he was quickened in the spirit. Moreover, when all factors are taken into consideration, the problem is not insurmountable. [Prayer] We thank Thee for the word of God and for the privilege of pondering it. I think thirteen times Gehenna or hellfire is mentioned in the New Testament and twelve of those occurrences are from the mouth of our Lord. Additionally, these souls were conscious, as evinced by the fact that they: spoke (crying out to the Lord); wondered (“How long, O God?”); remembered (their fellow saints still on earth); reasoned (concluding that the punishment of evil men is just); and, received a preliminary reward (white robes) in anticipation of the final victory (vv. They had agreed that they would do it exactly one year after John had died. And we thank Thee for the human instrumentalities that have been useful to us and helpful to us as the years have gone by. Now, later on Peter will make this plain in this message that what he’s talking about is the fulfillment of the messianic promises given to Abraham. Given the arrogant disposition of mankind in general, the idea of eternal punishment has met with considerable resistance, even though it is plainly taught in the Scriptures. Book digitized by Google from the library of Harvard University and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. ChristianCourier.com. He thus does not possess a “soul” (or “spirit”) that will inhabit eternity. But if you just look at the preceding verse he says, “For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one (that’s Adam); much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.” So, in the preceding verse it is stated that in order for the justification of life to come to all men there must be a reception of it. In fact, any way that we can get into right relationship with God is useful. In 1844 Dr. John Thomas, a physician from England, broke with the Restoration Movement. And he sought to ground it in Scripture. That goes together. And the book is five hundred pages long. Reflect upon the following points. But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken; The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers. Now, of course, almost all students of biblical literature reject out of hand this because it’s so obvious that it is contrary to the biblical teaching. [Laughter] Did you read in this morning’s paper about cats? And if the eternal punishment of individuals is something of which they do not know anything, have no concept of it happening, do not experience it, how can it be called eternal punishment? Will There Be Personal Recognition in Heaven? Mt 25:46 "And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life." But we especially give Thee thanks for the great teacher, the Holy Spirit, who opens our minds to see the Scriptures in their true light and then by the grace of God gives us the enablement to in measure at least fulfill them. At any rate, animals do have a form of existence, even cats. She also brought in some other things that she thought might enable her to make contact with him. I read these words for you. The Psalmist once described a particularly distressing time in his life as being like “Sheol,” which, in this context, represents the state of punishment for lost people immediately following death. One resurrected to damnation, the other to eternal life. It just so happens that this term “made alive” is not ever used of resurrection. That is, the ultimate well being of every person. We just simply pointed out that, so far as we can tell, it was the view of the ancient church. And I’d like for the remainder of our few moments to say just a few words about it. One of the major doctrines of this apostate faction was the belief that unbelievers will remain eternally dead. Only the people of God are in Christ. In addition, all Christian churches as churches down through the centuries have taught the eternal conscious punishment of the finally impenitent. It is our prayer that these sermons be as great a blessing to you as they have been to us! And, of course, it’s better than annihilationism per se because it insists that there should be some punishment for those who are lost, for the unbelievers, but that ultimately at the last judgement they will be destroyed and come to nothing. All rights reserved. The early decenters included some men like Origen who lived in the 3rd century. Faith Pulpit Faith Baptist Theological Seminary Ankeny, Iowa October 1991 Evangelicals and the Doctrine of Eternal Punishment George G. Houghton, Th.D. That would be a truth. But it’s in Christ that all are made alive. We pray. Annihilation is a term that comes from the Latin noun nihil. The most terrifying aspect is the complete and deserved separation from God and from all that is pure, holy, and beautiful. While a denial of […] But if it’s not a reality and if our Lord does know all things and he knew that then he was only bluffing when he talked about eternal punishment or maybe I should put it in a question. I’m an angus bull on a hill in Montana.” [Laughter] Dennis didn’t get it, so I have to tell it again. The essence of punishment is suffering. Eternal punishment is the most solemn doctrine in all the Bible and it is subject on which I have never written. But in Believers Chapel, at least, we have many, many people who are teaching here that God is not only love. It’s not a doctrine of just a few people; it’s a doctrine of the whole Christian church. 3:4). We discussed the troublesome nature of the question of eternal punishment. “Destruction” is prophesied for him in 17:8, 11. And there have been, down through the years, some who have sought to show that the Scriptures teach this. Rather, they surmise that the wicked simply will be annihilated after an appropriate punishment (Seventh-day Adventists Believe... 1988, 369-72). I see a little stream, cool water flowing down through this particular place.” And she said, “Oh, John, heaven must be wonderful.” “Heaven, Elizabeth. In lesson #16 of this series we have already discussed divine justice. After all, who is the person who has spoken more of hell and hellfire than anyone else?” Well, it’s clearly the Lord Jesus Christ out of – I think I’ll, in the next message or so, will deal with this, but so my figures may not be quite accurate. Was he only bluffing? Now, it is more moral than universalism. Destroy it.”. 5:8-9). Now, generally speaking until recently there’s been no detailed attempt. It’s a legitimate biblical motive for men because of fear to turn to the Lord. [Prayer] Father, we thank Thee for the teaching of the word of God. And obviously, if you can get Calvin and Wesley together you have a pretty good idea that this is a rather widespread view and generally held by Christians. The Doctrine of Eternal Punishment. Salvation supposes a prior damnation. They lose whatever existence they had. Now, the expression in verse 21, “The times of the restitution of all things,” has been taken by some to be a reference to universal salvation. Each of these terms suggests consciousness. leaving nothing but darkness in its wake” (1932, 186). And it wouldn’t teach universalism under any circumstances. But 1 Corinthians chapter 15 and verse 22 says much the same thing as Romans 5. Some have said, “It means simply to be resurrected and what Paul is teaching is universal resurrection. It is essential for us to be selective. Another text that is often used by Universalists who like to appeal to the Bible – by the way, very few Universalists like to appeal to the Bible. About the concept of "eternal," he suggests, "It is punishment that fully accomplishes God's purpose in punishing; no other punishment will follow or be needed. Howard Davies, "Judgement: The Doctrine Lost to the Modern Pulpit," Banner of Truth Magazine 364 (January 1994):13-18. Now, the evidence contrary to conditional immortality is rather significant. 10:29; Rev. So, the spiritually dead are described in Scripture as conscious. Well, does not that teach universalism? And that servant, which knew his lord’s will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes. Further, the evidence is mounting that there is a weakening posture on this theme within the church. Paul describes the fate of the lost as suffering “the punishment of eternal destruction” ( 2 Thess. If his denial is an error, the error prevents penitence for sin, and this prevents pardon. That is not true. The rejection of the doctrine of Endless Punishment cuts the ground from under the gospel. Dr. S. Lewis Johnson continues his discussion of eternal punishment, expounding Christ's own words regarding the afterlife. Very much I guess like Harry Houdini has tried to do now for about fifty years and has been unsuccessful in doing it. Does it not seem strange that Christ would speak of the “danger” of hell (Mt. 25:30), as God treads the wine press of his holy wrath (Rev. Moreover, these souls were under the altar of God, but their dead bodies were still on earth. Of course, you can retreat and say, “Well, Paul’s usually right. But yet, that would be a strange doctrine to hold, wouldn’t it? During the April, 1988 Pepperdine University Lectureship, F. LaGard Smith argued that God “will destroy [the soul]. However, beginning with the eighteenth century a new wave of “clergymen” within the ranks of “Christendom” began to deny this fundamental tenet of biblical doctrine, and today a significant segment of American society (almost half) no longer believes in hell. She brought in some candles. He will only do that which is right (Gen. 18:25). And of the things I have selected that we may weigh upon our spirits is what seems to me to be the single most important feature of the biblical teaching in this area, and it is t… And as we think about it, Lord, may it very solemn in realizing that the judgment that falls upon failure to respond to the gospel is an eternal judgment. Divinely instituted penalty of endless suffering, including banishment from God's blessed presence. That if we try to hold Christianity and the same time hold universalism, we really do not have a gospel. A recent writer observes: A summary of all Scripture that speaks of hell indicates that there is the loss and absence of all good, and the misery and torment of an evil conscience. Lord, deliver us and at the same time give us the earnestness and the zeal to proclaim the message concerning…. That he becomes so by faith in Christ. Listen to what our Lord says as he tells the parable of “the faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season.” This is Luke 12:43. For over 30 years, Dr. S. Lewis Johnson led the congregation of Believer's Chapel in Dallas, TX. After all, if you’re going to propound an error, the best way to find acceptance for it is to put it in the words of the Scriptures. These testimonies are sufficient to show how thoroughly the doctrine of transmigration had fixed itself in the Jewish creed by the time of Christ. S come to a relationship with the church in Nashville, Tennessee in United... 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