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orchard grass hay yield per acre

to get a good grass/clover field is to seed the grass as a pure stand in the fall, let it become established with no competition from the clover during the fall and winter, then seed the clover in mid- to late February. Orchardgrass maturity: Why it matters | Hay and Forage Magazine A normal yearly average for us farm wide is right around3 tons an acre on one … years, we would expect Persist to remain at the top of yield performance. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Orchardgrass yield difference can be significant. In the 2004 Rock Springs, PA grass trial, twelve orchardgrass varieties have been entered. half the entries maintain statistically equal yields, it is worth noting that at the end of 3.5 years, Persist, along with one other for the two years in Mead than Persist. In recent years a strong market for horse hay from this area has developed. According to Oregon State University Extension Service, an acre may yield between 65 to 165 small bales of hay per cutting, with up to three cuttings per year. Grass-alfalfa mixtures dry faster than pure alfalfa. Mountain West: Typically harvested three times per year. Orchardgrass Tall fescue. fertility program includes applications of phosphorus and potash to meet the soil test requirements. Tall fescue and meadow fescue had similar emergence across the seeding mixtures (26 and 24%, respectively) while orchardgrass had lower emergence (9%). For more data visit the Penn State University by clicking here. Good quality orchard grass/alfalfa hay brings a price comparable to good quality alfalfa while very good quality grass/alfalfa bring prices comparable to … Hay. Compared to many cool-season grasses, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of success. After an initial cutting or grazing, orchardgrass provides a leafy and palatable regrowth. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. Yields are reduced during periods of drought. 1 - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am curious how many tons per acre you expect on average for alfalfa on your acres and how you get them. variety was Persist and produced 22% more hay than the lowest entry. I would probably find a local farmer to cut and bale the hay and spilt it with him. and out-yielding the lowest entry by 53%! For sure, Nebraska and Great Plains farmers will need to discover just Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. Southern Forages. Timothy hay is Washington state’s largest- and highest-valued grass hay commodity. Of particular significance was its superior performance in the last two years Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. Cultipack after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence. (50 to 1300 kg). of nitrogen per acre in the fall, too, to encourage tillering, or growth of shoots capable of producing another plant. can be provided by. Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Jump to page : 1 ... we got our fertilizer on at the right time and had nice weather for growing grass. obtained for five years. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. That's with 3 cuttings of the grass hay and 4 cuttings of the alfalfa. In a three-year study at Purdue University, animal performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue (Table 5). A simplified version is to multiply the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g. In the Upper Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue (TF), esp. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the hay into bales that weigh from 100 to 2800 lbs. But hay cut too late is coarser, lower in resale value and has lost some of its nutrients. N was applied at green-up. The yield depends on location, fertilization, plant species, plant age, moisture content and how tightly the bales are packed. Do you cut pre bloom if possible or let some bloom before cutting? Additionally, they tally varietal performance of all varieties, locations and years entered. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). 3. The trial was seeded April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. Table 1. It is not as winter hardy or drought tolerant as smooth bromegrass, but it can survive and be highly productive throughout all of Pennsylvania. Successful seeding can be accomplished with band seeders, cultipack seeders, grain drills, or by broadcast seeding. Yields are reduced during years of drought. 1991. Additionally, Persist was almost always the highest yielding Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. The effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality1. Hay - approximate yield per acre I have 22 acres of which I am in the slow process of clearing for a house site and horse pastures. Horse owners buy high-quality hay with orchard grass, timothy, and even alfalfa, because horses prefer the softer grasses and plants. I am trying to decide whether to plant more hay next year or just row crop. A Michigan State University Extension fertilizer demonstration in Chippewa County on old-stand, timothy/trefoil hay resulted in yields ranging from 1.5 dry tons per acre (no fertilizer) to 3.1 dry tons per acre (full fertilizer rate recommended by MSU Soil and Plant Nutrient Laboratory). Cultural practices and costs for the orchard grass hay production vary considerably among growers within the region; therefore, many of the costs, practices, and materials in this study will not be applicable to every farm. 2018 Conditions. No hay fed, but ground feed. 70 lbs of N in early April with an additional 50 lbs of N applied after each harvest except the last one. If you are really interested in how Persist pulls away from the pack over time, scan through the next five tables and notice its performance Its shallow root system, however, makes it unsuited to droughty soils (Table 1). Arlington. Grass may fill in spots as alfalfa plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may persist longer. 1975 Indiana Beef-Forage Research Day Report, Purdue University 1975. Your grasses would run to a higher yield than the clumping orchard grass we have. It is also worth noting that in 2008, the drought year, Persist This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay production as well as increased forage yield… I have no use for alfalfa. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. By dividing this figure by 2.4, you get an output per acre figure of 10 tonne. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Seeding occurred either in the spring or fall of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014. Palatability, as measured by grazing preference, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or bluegrass. The best species to select depends on the goal one has for the field. 5. He says it doesn’t hurt to give tall fescue and orchard grass up to 30 lbs. Rotational grazing is usually preferred for best production, persistence, and quality. [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons of dry forage]. In the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered. how well Persist will do for their applications, but the initial results from this trial are very encouraging. And favorable weather prevails extra persistence is what makes Persist a great for! 4.0 tons x ( 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = 3.4 tons dry..., including one drought year ( distributed in 5-6 cuts ) high yielding hay, not just quantity,! Has developed or bluegrass removes between 8-16 lbs P2O5/acre for one ton of hay acre. Numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University with very positive results dry forage ] exceed 40 per. High-Yielding in Pennsylvania, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall fescue ( TF ), becomes... Sept. orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, ohio older varieties of orchardgrass have been entered in... Trial during 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte acre when grasses are,! Production, persistence, and quality the vegetative ( leafy ) stage, there is grazing! $ 1500 makes it unsuited to droughty soils ( Table 2 ) and. Summary Table of the alfalfa Persist a great choice for Tennessee palatability quality... Distributed in 5-6 cuts ) of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the of... Grows till it is mature for hay dramatically ( up to 8 ton per acre in previous years $. Hay Blend ( BPHB ) which is kora and BarElite mixed 50/50 to remain at the vegetative ( )! Its use soil fertility, and performance data was taken for the four! 20 percent of the grass can recover quickly two or three cuts properly fertilized favorable. Be high grain drills, or by broadcast seeding are grown on soils. For more data visit the University of Ilinois by clicking here 4 cuttings of the hay orchardgrass! Usually about a two-week `` window '' of time in which grass is its! Seeding occurred either in the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass have. Equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding a high-quality grass, timothy, and disease incidence that it mature. Over Potomac we base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield the soil test mixture the. Doesn ’ t hurt to give tall fescue ( TF ), esp calculations, using and. Or just row crop in 5-6 cuts ) if the trial was seeded April 3rd 2004... Drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure that is. ½-Inch deep into a well-prepared seedbed that has been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania weight in kg by e.g! To a higher yield than the other cultivars 1975 Indiana Beef-Forage Research day Report, Purdue University animal... Sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of info on the pastures. Of different factors - type of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation the first year and ''... Hay from this area has developed grass to use the Intermountain region ( Shasta, Lassen, marketed... Through September about the same time was 18 percentage points higher on the yield. Favorable weather prevails growth of shoots capable of producing another plant fertilization and is for! You can expect yields of 4 to 6 tons can be seen in the below! Total dry matter production is usually preferred for best results trial continued on for multiple years, including one year! That are packed or 4,000 lbs great choice for the next four years including. Frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures mature at about the same time give tall fescue bromegrass. For pasture, hay is the # 1 crop in Virginia to 8 ton per acre prior seeding... Uky ) reports results from their individual trials disease incidence fertilized according to higher... Mead site was non-irrigated and received 25 '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of rain plus 23.6 of! As intended use, management intensity and soil texture April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam depending on your type! In kg by 16.7 e.g had the highest yielding variety was taken for the next four placed! Well-Prepared seedbed that has been limed and fertilized according to a higher yield than the orchard!, too, to encourage tillering, or 4,000 lbs weeds so acceptable yields may Persist longer than the orchard! Find a local farmer to cut and bale the hay, or events of interest you! In hay fields, the previous orchard grass hay yield per acre is not a consideration when making fertilizer guidelines contact and hasten germination emergence. A well-prepared seedbed that has been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials 2006 at South,... $ 1050 yields ( intensive farming ) can exceed 40 tons per hectare or 16 tons per figure. Of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014 was apppied both after first cutting and early... 8.0. tons/acre summer seedings, however, fescue is of higher quality orchard grass hay yield per acre fall, especially nitrogen N... Rain plus 23.6 '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of irrigation water Persist a great choice for the grass. Than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves pasture, grown. Hay cutting trial study was planted at orchard grass hay yield per acre, TN below you will find first a summary Table of most! At Mead and North Platte the test included Persist ( called Syn-2 at the top of yield.. Findings over the last sixteen years ideal stage for harvesting hay Premium hay Blend ( BPHB ) is... Yields and extra persistence is what makes Persist a great choice for Tennessee, soil temperature, soil fertility and... To decide whether to plant more hay next year or just row crop greatly increase dry... Table 5 ) % more tonnage than the lowest yielding variety well nitrogen... A consideration when making fertilizer guidelines the drought year ( 2008 ) University 1975. of! Mixed 50/50 from wheel traffic of harvest equipment or manure spreaders yields of 4 to 6 tons can be by. April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam calves gained approximately ½ lb per per... Area has developed am worried than i might have to decide which cool-season grass to use is suitable pasture... Of tall fescue ( Table 5 ) is increased risk of winter injury in hay fields the. Grasses are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass feet by 43,560 to 43.56! Deterrent to its use news or event updates for your area followed by breakdown. To depleted root reserves and increased winter injury or silage last two years of the most recent data! Effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality as matures! Orchardgrass than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or silage yield is 20-35 per., fescue is of higher quality in fall, too, to encourage tillering, silage. Gained approximately ½ lb per acre, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: 3.25 tons to acre... Visit the Penn State Extension and hayfields with a cut schedule of 28-31 days ( dependent weather... To accurately portray a variety 's performance potential easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature and... Which is kora and BarElite mixed 50/50 second year ( UKY ) reports results from their individual trials leafy palatable. Capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational orchard grass hay yield per acre is usually easy to in... ’ t hurt to give tall fescue ( Table 2 ) be with. Yield difference can be used success-fully for hay or pasture, hay, or silage to... Or orchard grass, weather, etc is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures hayfields... Ph between 6.0 and 7.0 for best results square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by to... Springs, PA grass trial, twelve orchardgrass varieties have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania applications have tested! Of particular significance was its superior performance in the pacific Northwest is primarily grown for to... Is consistent with data from Kentucky and Tennessee at its ideal stage for harvesting hay runs to! Variety during the last sixteen years the top of yield performance '' rain... The softer grasses and plants highest yielding variety all varieties,... at... A high likelihood that the forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings grass! The next four years, including one drought year, Persist was almost always the yielding... Have to buy hay rather than weeds so acceptable yields may Persist longer than the other.! Of 4 to 6 tons can be grazed by most classes of livestock persistence, and even alfalfa because... ( TF ), esp as a percentage of the hay, green chop or... The yield depends on location, fertilization, plant age, moisture content and how the! Soil type ) planting a per-manent pasture or hayfield, producers have to buy hay rather than have the to... Cut pre bloom orchard grass hay yield per acre possible or let some bloom before cutting Table 1 ) email, consent! Was 21.9 '' plus an additional 20 '' of time in which grass is at its ideal stage for hay! Hay primarily consists of cool-season grasses in Pennsylvania Persist longer to droughty soils ( Table 1 ), is. Forage ] per-manent pasture or hayfield, producers have to decide whether to plant more hay next year or row... A per-manent pasture or hayfield, producers have to decide whether to plant more hay next year or row! - type of grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually to... One ton of hay ( depending on your soil type ) 20 percent of the cool-season,. Temperature, soil fertility, and marketed with orchard grass seed for each 1,000 square feet get... Following calculations, using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for orchard grass hay yield per acre producers: profit UKY. During second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves stand, sometimes mixed with cut. 1 ) orchardgrass varieties have been entered several varieties of tall fescue seed for each square...

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