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eternal conscious torment or annihilation

Depicting the horrors of this belief was a favorite subject amongst artists in medieval times, resulting in all manner of imaginative and ghastly portraits of people suffering unending agony. It is possible, therefore, to read various views into such passages, including annihilationism. Here are some resources I read on the annihilationist side of the debate: Burned Up: Annihilation versus Eternal Conscious Torment part 1 by Mark Corbett If the Bible doesn't teach eternal conscious torment as annihilationists believe, then it is unbiblical and an argument can be made that it has come from the Catholic church. In hell passages, it is claimed, eternal means only pertaining to “the age to come” and not “everlasting.” It is true that in the New Testament, eternal means … The Moral Implications of Eternal Torment. What was does ‘Annihilation’ mean? That equals eternal torment. Since I preached this message on April 17, 2016 I have written on the topic of the final fate of the unrighteous extensively on my blog. But the wicked will endure never-ending torment in the lake of fire and be shut out of the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, which is the joyous dwelling place of God and His people forever. And some passages are impossible to reconcile with annihilationism. HELL - ETERNAL TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? In this video we will explore two alternative views of Hell. whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. Death on earth is only temporal because everyone will be raised again at the resurrection. 2Kgs 23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which [is] in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter pass through the fire to Molech. Download HELL – TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? The resurrected saints will be blessed with God’s eternal presence on the new earth (Rev. 15:26), and destruction speaks of annihilation or termination—terminal punishment. If the Bible doesn't teach eternal conscious torment as annihilationists believe, then it is unbiblical and an argument can be made that it has come from the Catholic church. But once again, we want to read out of Scripture its meaning. And I see that. In this post, I want to summarize the best arguments for eternal conscious torment (ECT)—the traditional view of hell where the wicked will experience never-ending punishment. Donate Now. 41:41. All who trust Jesus in His death and resurrection to rescue them from hell will have a part in the Tree of Life and the Holy City of God. Third is an argument based on the meaning of the word eternal. Four Views on Hell (Zondervan, 2016, 2nd edition) -- representing (1) eternal, conscious torment in hell; (2) terminal punishment or annihilation; (3) Universalism; and (4) purgatory (technically according to Catholic doctrine, purgatory is not 'hell' but a vestibule or antechamber of heaven; all souls in purgatory are saved and WILL go to heaven) Here we document that annihilationists all accept that the view we have proven true, namely eternal conscious torment, was widely believed in the ancient world. In the past thirty years the doctrine of hell has been the subject of much controversy. There is no other way to see it unless you believe life isnt eternal too. duration of hell between two able thinkers: Jerry Shepherd, who will argue for eternal conscious torment, and Chris Date, who will argue for annihilation. 20:10). 27:4. Will the destiny of the unsaved be eternal conscious torment or annihilation (total cessation of existence)? PART 8 The Judicial Implications of Eternal Torment . It is noteworthy that universalists use these same two arguments to insist that God will finally save every human being. Mark’s Resources on Hell (Conditional Immortality aka Annihilationism vs. Eternal Conscious Torment vs. Universalism) I grew up believing that the final fate of the unrighteous is eternal conscious torment. Samuel Richardson and other reformed London Baptists during the 18th century did not hold to a belief in the eternalconscious torment of the wicked in hell. The sixth is the argument that an eternal hell would tarnish God’s victory over evil. This verse quotes from Isaiah 66:24 and mentions both unquenchable fire and worms that never die. 1:8). “Destruction” is prophesied for him in 17:8, 11. A place where the impenitent sinners burn forever and consciously suffer pain in an everlasting and never-ending fire? The mission, passion and purpose of Ligonier Ministries is to proclaim the holiness of God Mark’s Resources on Hell (Conditional Immortality aka Annihilationism vs. Eternal Conscious Torment vs. Universalism) Reasons I (mayhaps foolishly) Believes Annihilationism/ Conditionalism is a More Biblically & Philosophically Accurate View of the Judgment of the Wicked than Eternal Conscious Torment- Despite the Overwhelming Consensus of Church Theologians in the Majority of Church History. whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. I don’t see much difference between this and what atheists believe happens when we die. was published by on 2015-05-14. In a follow up to our recent episode of That God Show, folks have asked for a comprehensive list of Scriptures that refute the traditional teaching of hell. Thread starter LW97; Start date Jun 27, 2019; Christian Chat is a moderated online Christian community allowing Christians around the world to fellowship with each other in real time chat via webcam, voice, and text, with the Christian Chat app. Jesus plainly sets this forth in His message on the sheep and goats: “And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life” (Matt. The moral intuition God has implanted within our consciences cannot justify the insatiable cruelty of a God who subjects sinners to unending torments. 25:34). We have already seen John define that fire as eternal conscious punishment in the lake of fire for the devil (Rev. Hell: Annihilation or Eternal Conscious Torture? Here we document that annihilationists all accept that the view we have proven true, namely eternal conscious torment, was widely believed in the ancient world. 14–15). Examples include unbelievers perishing (John 3:16) and suffering “the punishment of eternal destruction” (2 Thess. Objections to Eternal Conscious Torment answered. Before we explore about annihilation or eternal torment, we need to find what hell is. Annihilationism is directly related to the doctrine of conditional immortality, … So a person either receives eternal life, or they perish. We are told that this idea seems hard to reconcile with human beings suffering endlessly in hell. Death by annihilation in the Lake of Fire could certainly be called "eternal punishment" because it is eternal in its consequences. Eternal torment view. 25:46; italics added). Or a penal judgment through which God annihilates sinners and sin forever? This is what it means when the Bible speaks of God destroying body and soul in hell. And when we do, we find that some passages preclude an annihilationist understanding of hellfire. Third is the argument from the word eternal. Death in the Lake of Fire, however, is eternal: there is no reversing it and no coming back from it. HELL: TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? 318-319.) The three main views are eternal conscious torment where the unrepentant are tormented by the fire for all eternity, annihilation where the unrepentant are punished according to wrongs committed and then annihilated by the fire, and universal reconciliation where the unrepentant go through a fire that burns impurities away leading to eventual repentance and reconciliation. Once again, when Scripture merely uses these words without interpreting them, many views may be read into them. We would do better to determine from His Holy Word what He deems just and unjust. So, the Beast’s “destruction” is everlasting torment in the lake of fire. This same truth is repeatedly substantiated throughout Scripture. He will say to the lost, “Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels” (v. 41). “It would be hard to imagine a concept more confusing than that of death which means existing endlessly without the power of … 22:17). The Bible clearly teaches the eternal torment of the wicked. But what kind of hell? Fourth is an argument based on a distinction between time and eternity. Annihilation vs. Eternal conscious torment Is eternal conscious torment a pagan false doctrine and a Jewish fable? He will say to the saved, “Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world” (Matt. The key phrase is, “the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever.” Yet, how hard is it to simply follow the cross references listed in every Bible and go see the same image of smoke rising in Isaiah 34; yet no one would be so foolish as to suggest that Edom therefore must be suffering eternal conscious torment. Annihilation, eternal conscious torment, hell, judgment Preston Sprinkle February 29, 2016 annihilation, eternal conscious torment, gehenna, hell, jerry shepherd, Judgment. The Bible teaches Hell is a place of eternal punishment, not annihilation. We just cease to exist without consciousness. Hell: Annihilation or Eternal Conscious Torture? It strikes me as presumptuous for human beings to tell God what is just and unjust. Sixth is an argument that an eternal hell would tarnish God’s victory over evil. A few verses later, we read that unsaved human beings share the same fate (vv. HELL – TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? The dominant historic Christian view is that hell is a place of eternal conscious torment for rebellious, unbelieving humans (and demons and Satan). The fifth is the emotional argument that God and His saints would never enjoy heaven if they knew loved ones and friends were forever in hell. It means, generally, that we just cease to exist and there is no torment. I see that in Scripture and I would lean more that way but, I’m not ready to say okay I know it’s this one. John 5:24, Jesus said "Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be judged but has crossed over from death to life." Many times I’ve heard those who believe in eternal conscious torment argue that annihilationism cannot be true because it is not a significant punishment. Furthermore, eternal torment serves no positive, reformative purpose, simply because it only torments sinners without reforming them. However, we do not want to read our ideas into the Bible, but to get our ideas from the Bible. I have been thinking a lot recently about Hell. Third is the argument from the word eternal. My thanks to Preston Sprinkle for inviting me to participate in this exchange with Chris Date. Nothing about eternal torment there. But the age to come lasts as long as the life of the eternal God Himself. These annihilationists argue: "Morally, the doctrine of eternal conscious torment is incompatible with the Biblical revelation of divine love and justice. I was surprised because all I was brought up with was conscious torment. Check Pages 1 - 40 of HELL – TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? The motive behind Fudge’s belief, which must be applauded, is that whatever he finds in Scripture, he will follow. Annihilationists argue that if you burn some paper, it is eternally destroyed and that is how we should view hell. Annihilationists ask: how is it just of God to punish sinners for eternity when their crimes were committed in time? Also telling is the fate of the Beast in Revelation. The questions are—how long does it last, what are its punishments; in short, what is the nature and duration of the punishment? Fourth is the argument that it is unjust of God to punish sinners eternally for temporal sins. They will to exist in eternal corporeal (bodily) conscious torment punctuated by wailing and gnashing of teeth, with no one coming to seek or save them. Eternal torment does not correspond with the nature of God. HELL: Eternal Conscious Torment VS Annihilationism - YouTube Dr. Robert A. Peterson is professor of systematic theology at Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis. In the end, everyone will be saved. All who do so with all the saints can say now and will say forever: First published in Tabletalk Magazine, an outreach of Ligonier. Evangelical views on the nature of hell: eternal conscious torment, annihilation, ultimate restoration or Christian Universalism, Ultimate Reconciliation The three main views are eternal conscious torment where the unrepentant are tormented by the fire for all eternity, annihilation where the unrepentant are punished according to wrongs committed and then annihilated by the fire, and universal reconciliation where the unrepentant go through a fire that burns impurities away leading to eventual repentance and reconciliation. Samuel Richardson saw the Scriptures to teach that God's judgment for the wicked meant death. I. Augustine seems to be the first person to teach eternal conscious torment and following him the rest of the Church by-in-large followed suit. One historic Protestant view of hell is expressed in the Westminster Confession (1646): "but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power." So, the Beast’s “destruction” is everlasting torment in the lake of fire. in all its fullness to as many people as possible. I say this because the Bible’s final three chapters present the eternal state of affairs. Because He is eternal—He “lives forever and ever” (Rev. ECT = Eternal, Conscious Torment (the traditional view). Death in the Lake of Fire, however, is eternal: there is … The eternal conscious punishment of the lost has always been a fundamental doctrine of Christian orthodoxy. Death by annihilation in the Lake of Fire could certainly be called "eternal punishment" because it is eternal in its consequences. He is author of Hell on Trial, coauthor of Two Views of Hell, and coeditor of Hell Under Fire. Its proponents offer six main arguments. Nothing about eternal torment there. Four Views on Hell (Zondervan, 2016, 2nd edition) -- representing (1) eternal, conscious torment in hell; (2) terminal punishment or annihilation; (3) Universalism; and (4) purgatory (technically according to Catholic doctrine, purgatory is not 'hell' but a vestibule or antechamber of heaven; all souls in purgatory are saved and WILL go to heaven) 4) Eternal conscious torment is incompatible with sin that occurs in time, so eternal conscious torment violates the justice of God. And in texts treating eternal destinies, eternal does refer to the age to come. On the annihilation side, Fudge believes that even if conditional immortality were true according to Scripture, the existence of positive teaching on eternal conscious torment would convince him otherwise—if it existed. Eternal Torment, not Annihilation or “Soul-Sleep” There are many passages of Scripture that are clear that annihilationism, as taught by the Watchtower Society, Seventh-Day Adventism, and other cults, is false. We have no right to rewrite the biblical story. These include Jesus’s description of hell in the parable of the rich man and Lazarus as a “place of torment” (Luke 16:28) involving “anguish in this flame” (v. 24). According to normal language, a person needs some kind of life in order to exist. They will to exist in eternal corporeal (bodily) conscious torment punctuated by wailing and gnashing of teeth, with no one coming to seek or save them. The traditional view of hell is challenged today also on the basis of the Biblical vision of justice. God is love, 1 John 4:16. I regard these arguments for annihilationism and universalism—from emotion and from God’s victory—as rewriting the biblical story, something we have no right to do. While this might not be exhaustive, I've put together 25 verses that strongly illustrate what the Bible teaches on the issue. Annihilation, eternal conscious torment, hell, judgment Preston Sprinkle February 29, 2016 annihilation, eternal conscious torment, gehenna, hell, jerry shepherd, Judgment As I stated in my previous post , I'm going to host a dialogue on the Death in the Lake of Fire, however, is eternal: there is … Romans 6:23 How kind and merciful of Him to include this invitation at the end of His story: “The Spirit and the Bride say, ‘Come.’ And let the one who hears say, ‘Come.’ And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life without price” (Rev. In hell passages, it is claimed, eternal means only pertaining to “the age to come” and not “everlasting.”. There is evidence in the Bible for both the viewpoints of annihilation or eternal torture. While this might not be exhaustive, I've put together 25 verses that strongly illustrate what the Bible teaches on the issue. The Beast (along with the False Prophet) is cast into “the lake of fire that burns with sulfur” (19:20). Jesus leaves no doubt. I believed it and I taught it to others. Annihilation vs. Eternal conscious torment Is eternal conscious torment a pagan false doctrine and a Jewish fable? In this post I explain why the annihilationist view of hell is very serious punishment. Hell is a biblical doctrine. Hell: Eternal torment or annihilation? Mark Corbett 4,688 views. If the lake of fire is really a continuous torment, the person experiencing that torment would have to exist, Else it's not torment. Part 3 [Part 1 - Biblical view of Human Nature] [Part 2 - Biblical View of Death] Few teachings have troubled the human conscience over the centuries more than the traditional view of hell as a place where the lost suffer conscious fiery punishment in body and soul for all eternity. Paul describes the fate of the word eternal in him shall not perish, but to get our into... And His people would not enjoy the bliss of heaven if even one soul remained in hell will be again! Does refer to the revealed nature of God destroying body and soul in.! Eternal torment is contrary to the age to come in Revelation or fury love! That there are five … same greek word used in this exchange with Chris Date does... 2 Thess insist that God will be raised again at the resurrection Peterson is professor systematic... Valley of ( the son of ) Hinnom in its consequences penalty for their.. Coming back from it prophesied for him in 17:8, 11 Online,. 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